Training Your Jack Russell Terrier

Training Your Jack Russell Terrier: A Comprehensive Guide

Jack Russell Terriers are intelligent, energetic dogs that require proper training to stay well-behaved and content. While training a Jack Russell Terrier may seem challenging at first glance, with patience and consistency you will eventually achieve success – turning your pup into an obedient canine friend! In this article, we’ll give you all the tips necessary for successful Jack Russell Terrier training.

Jack Russell Terriers are renowned for their energy levels and independent nature. Bred originally to hunt foxes, their tenacity and fearlessness make them excellent hunting dogs. Unfortunately, without proper training, they may develop behavioral issues like digging, excessive barking, or aggression. In this guide, we will provide you with all of the necessary information on how to train your Jack Russell Terrier effectively.

Understanding the Jack Russell Terrier Breed

A History of Jack Russell Terriers

Jack Russell Terriers were first bred by Reverend John Russell in the early 19th century with the purpose of fox hunting. Their small size and high energy levels made them great at chasing foxes away from their dens, though over time this breed has evolved and now primarily served as companion animals.

Jack Russell Terriers Have Characteristics

Jack Russell Terriers are a small breed, standing around 10-15 inches tall and weighing 14-18 pounds. They have short, wiry coats that come in various colors such as white, black, and tan. Jack Russell Terriers have high energy levels which require plenty of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Furthermore, these intelligent animals require mental stimulation to prevent boredom or destructive behavior.

Basic Commands to Teach Your Jack Russell Terrier


Teaching your Jack Russell Terrier to sit is one of the most basic commands and a great place to begin when training them. Start by holding a treat above their nose, and slowly move it back over their head as they follow suit. As soon as their bottom touches the ground, say “sit” and reward them with their treat.


Teaching your Jack Russell Terrier to stay is an essential command that can keep them safe in potentially hazardous situations. Begin by asking them to sit, then put a hand up in front of their face and say “stay.” Take a step back and wait a few seconds before returning your dog with treats and increasing both distance and time requirements for staying. Eventually, increase these distances gradually until all rewards have been earned.


Teaching your Jack Russell Terrier to come when called is essential for their safety, as well as to prevent behavioral issues like aggression towards other dogs or people. Start by calling your pup’s name in a happy tone while holding out a treat as reinforcement. When they come running to you, reward them with the treat and plenty of praise.


Teaching your Jack Russell Terrier to lie down on command can be beneficial in situations when they need to relax or stay put for an extended period. Begin by asking your dog to sit, then hold a treat in front of its nose as you lower it slowly to the ground. As soon as your pup has followed the treatment and is lying down naturally, praise them and give them their treat!

Leave It

Teaching your Jack Russell Terrier to “leave it” can prevent them from picking up and chewing on potentially hazardous objects. Start by holding a treat in one hand and showing it to your pup; when they try to grab it, say “leave it” and cover the treat with your hand. Wait a few seconds before rewarding your pup with another treat as well as lots of praise.


Teaching your Jack Russell Terrier how to walk calmly on a leash can prevent pulling and make walks more enjoyable for both of you. Start by holding a treat in one hand and holding it close to your leg; when your pup walks calmly by your side, give them the treat and lots of praise. Gradually increase the time that they must walk by your side before receiving their treat.

Crate Training Your Jack Russell Terrier

Selecting the Appropriate Crate

When selecting a crate for your Jack Russell Terrier, they must be the appropriate size. The crate should be large enough for them to stand and turn around but not so large that they have room to pee in one corner and sleep elsewhere. Plastic or wire crates both work well; wire may be better suited for dogs who like to chew.

Introduce Your Jack Russell Terrier to Crate Training

Start by placing the crate in a peaceful location of your home with the door open. Place a comfortable bed or blanket inside to encourage your Jack Russell Terrier to explore it more thoroughly. Additionally, you can add treats or toys inside to make it even more enticing for them.

Crate Training Your Jack Russell Terrier

Are You Crate Training Your Jack Russell Terrier?

Crate training your Jack Russell Terrier begins by feeding them their meals inside the crate. Gradually increase the time your dog spends in the crate while you are home, always letting them out for bathroom breaks. The crate must become a positive and comfortable space for your pup; therefore, make sure they receive plenty of praise and treats when in it.

House Training Your Jack Russell Terrier

Establishing a Routine

Setting an established routine for house training your Jack Russell Terrier is essential. Take them outside in the morning and then every few hours throughout the day; always take them out after meals or when they wake up from naps.

Utilizing Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is the key when house training your Jack Russell Terrier. When they go potty outside, lavish them with praise and treats. If there’s an accident inside, do not punish them; rather, simply clean up the mess and try to prevent it from occurring again by taking them outside more frequently.

Utilizing a Crate

Crate training your Jack Russell Terrier can be beneficial when housetraining them. Placing them in their crate makes them less likely to have accidents inside, so be sure to take them outside promptly after letting them out of their crate.

Consistency is Key

Consistency is essential when house training your Jack Russell Terrier. Make it a part of their routine to take them outside at the same time each day, and with patience and consistency your Jack Russell Terrier will become well-trained in no time!


Training your Jack Russell Terrier requires time, patience, and consistency – but the results are worth all the effort. By teaching your pup basic obedience commands and house training them, you can create a happy and well-behaved companion. Remember always use positive reinforcement instead of punishment or negative criticism; with love and patience, your Jack Russell Terrier will become an accomplished member of your family that everyone enjoys spending time with.


  1. Can I train my Jack Russell Terrier myself, or do I need the services of a professional trainer?Training your Jack Russell Terrier on your own is possible, but professional training may be beneficial for some dogs and their owners.
  2. How long does it take to train a Jack Russell Terrier?Training time may differ based on each dog and its temperament, but with patience and consistency most can be taught within a few months.
  3. Are Jack Russell Terriers Easy to Train?Jack Russell Terriers can be difficult to train due to their stubborn nature and high energy level, but with consistent and positive reinforcement methods most Jack Russell Terriers can be successfully socialized and socialized.
  4. Can Jack Russell Terriers Be Trained to Perform Tricks?Yes, Jack Russell Terriers are intelligent dogs and can be taught a variety of tricks.
  5. What should I do if My Jack Russell Terrier Isn’t Responding to Training?If your Jack Russell Terrier isn’t responding to training, you must evaluate your methods and use positive reinforcement. Consulting a professional trainer may also be beneficial for additional guidance.